Arthur Seyss-Inquart was Reich Governor of Austria and the Reich Commissioner of the German-occupied Netherlands. Seyss-Inquart was responsible for recruiting 5 million Dutchmen for deportation to Nazi Germany and for sending 117.000 Dutch Jews to their deaths in Nazi death camps like Auschwitz.
Seyss-Inquart was born July 22, 1892, Stannern, near Iglau, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary. He served in the Austro-Hungarian army during World War I and was seriously wounded. Returning to Vienna after the war, he became a lawyer there in 1921. He also became a fervent advocate of a political union of Austria with Germany, and he cultivated close ties with the Austrian Nazi Party.
In February 1938, in response to German pressure, he was named minister of interior and security, a prelude to his replacement of Kurt von Schuschnigg as chancellor on March 11, 1938, the eve of Anschluss.
Subsequently he served as Governor of the new Austrian provincial administration until April 30, 1939. He was later appointed deputy Governor in Poland and eventually Reichskommissar of the occupied Netherlands where he ruthlessly exterminated the Dutch Jews and deported many thousands to slave-labor camps.
Following the defeat of Germany in World War II, he was tried, convicted and hanged as a war criminal at Nürnberg.